In a recent opinion piece published in the E’temad daily newspaper, Mousavian has talked about the moves that President Rouhani can do in response to his American counterpart’s call for dialogue. What follows is the full text of his piece:
Trump in a recent joint press conference with Italian prime minister referred to the ongoing tension between Iran and the US, and said, “I’m ready to meet anytime they want to. No preconditions. It would be good for the country, good for them, and good for the world. I don’t do that from strength or weakness, but I just think it’s an appropriate thing to do.”
However, shortly after Trump’s remarks about unconditional talks with Tehran, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo once again listed some preconditions for holding talks with Iran. He had earlier set 12 conditions for improving ties with Iran, and had made the harshest remarks against Iran in a gathering of Iranians living in the United States.
Under such circumstances, if I were in President Rouhani’s shoes, with the decision of the Supreme National Security Council and the approval of the Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in response to President Trump’s offer, I would ask him to make a visit to Tehran and would organise a tour of Iran for him before sitting down to negotiate. This tour could include:
- Meeting with families of war martyrs, victims of Saddam Hussein’s chemical weapons, the families of victims of the Iran Air passenger plane shot down over the Persian Gulf [by a US warship], and a visit to the Museum of War to get familiar with Iran’s resistance culture so that he would closely know the consequences of the US policy after the Islamic Revolution in Iran, and understand the cause of Iran’s distrust.
- I would ask Major General Soleimani to explain to him the realities of the region and provide documents and evidence to prove that the United States has played an important role in the destabilisation of the region by supporting the terrorist groups. He can also give Trump a complete and documented file to make it clear for him which country has been the source of instability in the region. As Trump is after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan and Iraq, General Soleimani can show him the dignified ways of withdrawal from quagmires in Afghanistan and Iraq and introduce ways to resolve crises in the region peacefully.
- I would organise a visit to Iran’s nuclear facilities and would ask Ali Akbar Salehi, head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization, to provide Trump with a brief history of Iran’s nuclear activities before and after the Revolution, along with documents to ensure him of the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear activities and the double standards of the United States before and after the Revolution.
- I would put evidence and documents on the table showing that US sanctions were against the Iranian people to make him understand that their support for the Iranian people is completely in conflict with their policies, and that the Iranian people are the real victims of the sanctions.
- I would organise a visit for him to ancient sites of Iranian culture and history so that he can closely understand he is facing a nation with 7,000 years of civilisation, not a country whose history is less than the age of Trump.
- At the end, I would show him the three agreements between Iran and the United States including US-Iran 1955 Treaty of Amity, the 1975 Algiers Agreement, and the 2015 nuclear deal (JCPOA) as a basis for further negotiations.
If Trump rejects the invitation, the ball will be in his court; because Trump wants to convince public opinion that he is willing to hold diplomatic talks to resolve problems and it is the Islamic Republic that is refusing. However, if Trump accepts to visit Tehran, part of his wishes will be met. He wants to be known as a history maker. Simply making a trip to Iran will provide him with such a plan and there will be no cost for Tehran.
Eventually, only one of two following things could happen – whether eye-catching progress can be made during his trip or not. If not, Trump would have taken the risk of travel and will return empty-handed while Tehran would have lost nothing. On the other hand, a visit by the US President to the Iranian capital to resolve their problems would retain dignity and authority for Iran.