Medicinal herbs are plants containing substances which are used in producing products related to health and treatment of humans. In a more comprehensive sense, medicinal herbs are plants part of which are used in raw or processed forms in different industries. Medicinal herbs are used in industries such as the pharmaceutical industry, food, cosmetics, perfume production, natural dyes, etc. However, the most significant use of medicinal herbs is that they are used in the production of medicines and supplementary drugs. Today, some known medicinal herbs are widely used in different forms in the domain of human health.
Medicinal herbs are grown in different parts of the world. Iran is one of the countries with suitable climate for growing medicinal herbs and producing herbal medicines.
High Climatic Variety
Iran has rather unique climate in the world. Out of the 13 known types of climate, eleven exist in Iran. That means 90% of the medicinal herbs which exist in the world can be grown in Iran.
Wide Variety of Flora Species
Reports suggests there are some 8,000 species of plants in Iran, on which 1,700 are native to the country. Of that 8,000 species, 2,300 are medicinal herbs. The figure is twice the number of the species of flora in the whole European continent.
Suitable Climate for Farming
Iran is a four-season country. Moreover, Iran’s climatic features such as the length of the day, the quality of sunlight, environmental and ecological features, etc., make the country ideal for producing high-quality produce.
Long History of Herbal Medicine
Iran is known as one of the most experienced countries in the field of herbal medicine due to its age-old history in traditional medicine and producing medicinal herbs. In the past, Iran was home to great scholars and physicians such as Avicenna were well familiar with medicinal herbs and their properties.
Invaluable Plants Native to Iran
The climatic and genetic variety in Iran has turned the country into the origin of many species of plants across the world. Key species of plants such as saffron and roses are native to Iran and a major part of the global production of such plants takes place in Iran.