While the motion, introduced by Republican Sen. James Lankford, is purely symbolic, it is an undoubtedly ominous sign for the US administration as it attempts to break a nearly two-month long stalemate in talks aimed at returning to the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
The motion passed by a vote count of 62-33, with a surprisingly high count of 16 Democrats voting in favor.
Three of the four Democrats to vote against the 2015 agreement — Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and Sens. Ben Cardin and Joe Manchin — were joined by Sens. Richard Blumenthal, Cory Booker, Chris Coons, Catherine Cortez Masto, Kirsten Gillibrand, Maggie Hassan, Mark Kelly, Angus King, Gary Peters, Jacky Rosen, Kyrsten Sinema, Jon Tester and Ron Wyden. Sen. Robert Menendez, who voted against the nuclear deal and has been vocally critical of the administration’s ongoing diplomatic efforts, did not vote.
Coons, a close Biden ally, said he supported the motion “in order to encourage the Biden administration’s negotiations to push for the strongest possible deal” addressing both Iran’s nuclear program and other “malign activities”, adding he continues to support Biden’s diplomatic efforts in Vienna.
Lankford’s resolution also called for any potential return to the JCPOA to address the “full range of Iran’s destabilizing activities, including development of the means of delivery for such weapons (and ballistic missiles), support for terrorism and evasion of sanctions by individuals, entities and vessels in the trade of petroleum products with the People’s Republic of China.”
The resolution further prohibits the lifting of existing sanctions on the IRGC. The IRGC’s removal from the US list of designated terrorist organizations has been the primary sticking point in the Vienna negotiations’ final stages, with the US insisting that it will not take such action unilaterally.
Secretary of State Antony Blinken told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee last month that “the only way I could see [the designation] being lifted is if Iran takes steps necessary to justify the lifting of that designation. So it knows what it would have to do in order to see that happen,” adding that “it would require Iran to take certain actions and to sustain them.”
He also noted that the designation does not practically do much for the US since there are a myriad of other sanctions on the IRGC.
Biden and Prime Minister Naftali Bennett recently discussed Iran’s demand that the US delist the IRGC, which Israel has strenuously opposed.
“Israel has clarified its position on the issue,” Bennett said following their conversation, “the Revolutionary Guards are the largest terrorist organization in the world.”
“I am sure that President Biden, a true friend of Israel who cares about its security, will not allow the Revolutionary Guards to be removed,” Bennett added.
An agreement to restore the 2015 nuclear deal is nearly complete, but Iran’s demand that Biden reverse former President Donald Trump’s decision to designate the IRGC as a Foreign Terrorist Organization is one of the last remaining sticking points.
Iranian officials have stressed the IRGC is a national army and no one can blacklist a national army as a terrorist entity.