Henna grinding (locally known as Mazara) is one of the ancient professions in the central Iranian province of Yazd. Henna grinding dates back to more than seven centuries. Henna grinding originally goes back to merchants from Yazd who did business with tradesmen from India, Pakistan and the Persian Gulf countries. They used to grind not only henna, but other spices such as pepper, cinnamon, ginger, etc.
At the moment, the industry exists only in Yazd province because it requires a specific climatic condition. Henna grinding must be done away from direct sunlight. Henna must be ground in a completely hot and dry atmosphere. In Yazd, there are numerous shops where henna grinding is done. The shops, which are around 200 years old, are a major attraction to domestic and foreign tourists.
As for the origin of the word “Mazara,” “Maz” means “crushing wheel,” which rolls over henna leaves or other spices and grinds them. In the past, the Maz was moved by strong men, camels or similar animals.