Touring museums is an attractive activity all across the world which draws people from all walks of life. And that is why museums such as the British Museum, the Louvre Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, the Kremlin Palace, etc. are among the most important tourist attractions of those countries. Such attractions can draw large numbers of tourists and contribute heavily to the promotion of the tourism industry.
For Iranians, too, touring museums across the nation can be attractive. Accordingly, and on the occasion of Museums and Cultural Heritage Week, the most attractive museums of the capital, Tehran, have been introduced in a report by Honar Online:
Louvre in Tehran
“The Little Louvre,” which opened on March 5, 2018, showcases a treasure trove of antiquities of the internationally recognized Louvre Museum of Paris. Among the items on display at the Louvre of Tehran are paintings by Rembrandt and a Sphinx statue made of basalt dating back to the era of pharaohs, which is part of the antique items belonging to Ancient Egypt.
Two Iranian antiquities are also put on show at the museum, namely an ancient axe unearthed in the Choghazanbil archaeological site, and a bronze object, almost three thousand years old, belonging to the stock exchange dating back to the Iron Age. The museum runs until June 8, 2018.
Ancient Iran Museum
The Ancient Iran Museum also known as the Mother Museum is among the most famous museums of the capital. The museum was first established by French architect and archaeologist André Godard between 1934 and 1937. Its architecture is inspired by that of the Sassanid era. The museum gives you an overview of the 7th millennium BC to the Islamic era with numerous antiquities.
The Golestan Palace-Museum is the remnant of the historical Fortress of Tehran. The museum is more than 200 years old. The Fortress of Tehran initially dates back to the Safavid era, but the Golestan Palace is the only thing left of the ancient structure. The palace-museum has different sections, including different halls and mansions. The paintings of Iranian artists of the Qajar era are showcased in one of the halls of the museum.
The Saadabad Palace-Museum is, in fact, the last royal palace of Iran. Initially, the Qajar dynasty used to reside in the palace. Later on, the palace was expanded before it turned into the residence of Reza Shah in 1921. His son, Mohammad-Reza, also moved there in 1971. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979, the palace turned into a museum. Located next to the palace is a building which belongs to the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Presidential Office and is used to receive foreign dignitaries.
Work began to construct the Niavaran Palace in 1958. Construction work stopped for some time, and finally the structure was completed in 1976. A smaller palace used to lie on the site of the Niavaran Palace during the ruled of King Fat’hali during the Qajar era. It was demolished during the former king of Iran, Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi, and the Niavaran Palace was erected on the site, instead. A palace belonging to Ahmad Shah (King Ahmad) still stands there.
A whole variety of items are on display at the Niavaran Palace, namely a collection of invaluable paintings by Iranian and foreign painters, porcelain objects, decorative items, precious clothes, and exquisite Persian carpets, among other things.
Among the most invaluable carpets on show is one called the Carpet of Celebrities, which depicts dozens of Iranian kings as well as renowned international figures plus ancient Persian manuscripts.
Museum of National Jewellery
Under the law, most of the jewellery was moved from royal palaces to the Central Bank of Iran in 1937. The collection was put on public display as of 1943. The jewellery was later moved to another location in the capital on Ferdowsi Street in downtown Tehran in 1960.
This museum is one of four divisions of the Iranian Geology Organization. The museum opened in 1966 thanks to efforts by several geology researchers, and includes four sections: ancient tools and mining equipment, rocks, minerals and fossils. The museum is located at Tehran Mehrabad International Airport.
Reza Abbasi Museum
It opened in 1986 and was named after renowned painter of the Safavid era, Reza Abbasi. The museum has four permanent exhibition halls showcasing different items, including items belonging the pre-Islamic era, paintings and calligraphy works. There is also a library on the third floor and a temporary exhibit on the ground floor to where works of art belonging to the contemporary era are put on show.