Oman and Qatar on Saturday announced bans on travellers from several African nations after reports of a new Covid-19 variant first detected in southern Africa, following similar measures imposed on Friday by Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco, and Jordan.
On Thursday, South African scientists stated they had detected a new B.1.1.529 variant, and said it had at least 10 mutations, compared with two for Delta and three for Beta variants.
The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the recently discovered strain to be a “variant of concern”, renaming it “Omicron”.
The variant has a spike protein that is significantly different to the one in the original coronavirus on which current vaccines are based, the UK Health Security Agency announced, raising fears about how current vaccines will fare.
“As scientists have described, [this is] the most significant variant they’ve encountered to date,” British Transport Secretary Grant Shapps told Sky News.
Qatar Airways said on Saturday it had banned entry to travellers from South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Omani authorities will from Sunday suspend entry to people coming from South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Lesotho, and Eswatini, according to the Oman News Agency.
The Saudi and Emirati lists included all the same countries except Namibia.
In Saudi Arabia, the ban includes flights to and from those countries, according to the Saudi Press Agency. The new guidelines, however, said nationals of the African countries may enter the kingdom if they had spent the previous 14 days in a third country and comply with Saudi health protocols.
The UAE will impose the ban on Monday, according to the official Emirati news agency, WAM. It will include travellers coming from those African countries, regardless of the airline, and will also include transit passengers.
Bahrain announced similar measures targeting six African countries, including South Africa, the official BNA news agency reported. Iran did the same.
The Jordan’s Interior Ministry, acting on recommendations from its Health Ministry, also announced a ban for non-Jordanian travellers coming from South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Lesotho, and Eswatini.
The North African kingdom of Morocco banned travellers from those same countries due to fears over the new coronavirus variant.
Meanwhile, Egypt and Israel, which has detected a case of the new variant, on Friday suspended flights from Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe.
Belgium said on Friday it had detected the first announced case of the new variant in Europe in an unvaccinated person returning from Egypt via Turkey.
The European Union has proposed member states stop all flights to and from southern Africa following the variant’s discovery, EU chief Ursula von der Leyen noted on Friday.
The UK has also banned flights from South Africa and neighbouring countries, asking returning travellers to quarantine.
The US will restrict travel from South Africa and seven other African countries starting on Monday in an effort to control the spread of the new omicron variant of COVID-19.