Tehran History Summarized in Baharestan Neighbourhood

Baharestan is one of the oldest squares of Tehran, built by Mohammad Shah Qajar about 231 years ago when the city became the capital of Iran.

Baharestan square is host to several buildings and monuments witness to major events in Tehran history; particularly the National Consultative Assembly, the Old Iranian parliament building, and also the new Iranian parliament.

According to a Farsi report by Tasnim News Agency, the square has witnessed some of the most important political developments in the contemporary Iran.

Among them is the establishment of the National Consultative Assembly during the Constitutional Revolution in 1906, which made Iran the first Asian country with a democratic legislative parliament.

Other big developments are the assassination of Mirza Ali-Asghar Khan Atabak, the former prime minister of Iran, in 1907, the bombardment of the assembly by the Russian Colonel Vladimir Liakhov in 1908, and the 1953 coup against the democratically-elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq.

What follows are Tasnim‘s photos of Baharestan neighbourhood:


Parvin Etesami’s House

Among other important monuments located near the square is the house of Parvin Etesami, the most renowned Iranian female poet.

Her poetry is themed upon social, humanitarian and mystical concepts, and contains no allusions to romantic love or feminine sentiments.

The historic house, estimated to be 80 years old, has been registered as a national monument.


Sepahsalar Mosque

The Sepahsalar Mosque, also called Ayatollah Motahari Mosque, is one of the oldest and biggest mosques in Tehran and one of the most prestigious Islamic monuments in Iran.

The mosque, which is accompanied by a seminary with the same name, is located at the south-eastern part of Baharestan Square next to the parliament compound.

The mosque is a combination of sophisticated Persian architecture and that of Istanbul’s legendary mosques.

Negarestan Garden

The Negarestan Garden-Museum, a Qajar era monument in the north of the Baharestan Square, was built as a summer residence for Fathali Shah in 1807.

One of the most important collections kept in the museum is a wall painting called “Line for Saluting Fathali Shah“. It is one of the best and most valuable examples of such Qajar paintings.

The garden is host to several museums, including the Kamal-ol-Molk School museum, which displays works of Qajar era painter Mohammad Ghaffari and his students.

There is also the Monir museum, the first Iranian museum devoted to a woman artist that showcases the works of the 93-year-old artist Monir Shahroudi Farmanfarmaian, who is known for her mirror mosaics and geometric drawings.


Massoudieh Mansion

The Massoudieh Mansion was built in 1879 by the order of the Qajar prince Massoud Mirza, the son of Nasereddin Shah and the governor of Isfahan, as his residence in the capital.

The complex consists of five buildings: the forum, restaurant, spring house, Seyyed Javadi mansion, and the Moshir-ol-Molk mansion.

It is decorated with beautiful stucco, ceramics, calligraphy, graffiti and in general very exquisite decorations.

Massoudieh Mansion, Baharestan, Tehran
Massoudieh Mansion


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