Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Artificial Intelligence-Based Algorithm for Traumatic Brain Injury

One of the significant causes of death is traumatic brain injury (TBI). Severe cases are treated in intensive care units (ICU). But in spite of severe medical treatment, one out of three patients die because of neurological damage.

Technology initiates a way to provide an advanced solution for the growing case. A website like robots.net is one of the online sources that regularly gives accurate information on how the technology works nowadays.

What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

TBI is a medical condition that requires immediate action and fast decision making of the doctors inside the emergency room. The treatment often needs surgery to decrease the intracranial pressure of the patients. Making a swift decision during surgical hours could be confusing to doctors as there are many variables to assess. An example of this variable is to locate and identify brain damage.

However, the injury was not fully understood in the laboratory. But through the efforts of the scientists to get things better, the characteristics of brain injuries has been identified. However, there are still hospital and clinical needs that should be properly addressed.

In statistics, more than 1.6 million people in Europe and the United States are hospitalized due to TBI. The population of the patients is high in low and middle-income areas because of the increasing traffic accidents. It was approximated that only 30% is the mortality rate of most TBI patients.

How Intensive Care Unit Works for Patients Who are Suffering From TBI?

The main aim of an intensive care unit is to control the development of secondary brain injury. Part of the intensive care is to control perfusion pressure (CPP), intracranial pressure (ICP), and to sustain or maintain cerebral homeostasis.

During intensive care, patients are unconscious. This condition makes it hard for doctors to monitor them regularly. In intensive care units (ICU), every variable of the patient’s current situation is accurately monitored. However, there is a particular variable that needs to have thousands of information daily.

It is beyond the capability of human cognition to gather all the necessary details. Thus, vast amounts of data are wasted, which affects their decision-making process. To resolve the problem, the researchers invented a machine that could gather all vital information regarding the dynamic changes in TBIs.

Artificial Intelligence Algorithms

Artificial intelligence involves machines that can process details as human cognition can. The progress of AI algorithms has greatly influenced mechanisms that are applied to various fields like robotics, agriculture, marketing, and of course, medicine. Algorithms mainly use logic and mathematics to create the desired output. Hence, AI algorithms use inputs and outputs to learn the data.

The Creation of AI Algorithms

To make all things monitored, Helsinki University Hospital’s researchers created an artificial machine for monitoring the condition of TBI. This researchers’ initiative is a big help for the doctors to cure patients suffering from serious injury. The algorithm can also predict and read the possible patient’s result during the treatment and provides data concerning the doctor’s prognosis.

During the research study in ICU, millions of data are gathered daily that overwhelmed the doctors. This data acquired by AI algorithms still needs to be interpreted by humans. The result of this research made Raj and his team stress the significance of AI in providing an enormous amount of data in clinical and hospital settings.

Artificial intelligence algorithms are very informative in identifying the lesions. It additionally has computational-inspired markers that unveil the hidden details patterns in the lesion types. Doctors nowadays are using the AI system to recognize the injuries from the patients accurately.

The researchers confirm that it is conducive to the identification of trauma lesions as it assists radiologists. In addition to the general use of algorithms, researchers already predicted that in the future, it would also detect, classify, and delineate lesions using more advanced computational markers.

Takeaway

The advancement of technology largely influences today’s civilization. It creates a convenient living, mostly replace the conventional ways of doing the job. But it doesn’t mean that we do not need manpower anymore. We still need the human brain to interpret and work for the data.

The artificial intelligence algorithm is one of the most significant necessities in the medical field. Its function is not just to identify or locate the brain damage but to provide information on how to treat traumatic brain injury as well.

If TBI before is a problematic matter for most doctors, now it is undeniable how the 21st century changes the medical field. The development provides the best solution for immediate treatment. The technological advancement mainly benefits the radiologists and the patients who are suffering from the injury. Whether you are currently residing in low or middle-income countries, you are entitled to experience the advantages of artificial intelligence algorithms for the best treatment.

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