NATO member states pledge 40bn euros in military aid for Ukraine

NATO allies have agreed to fund military aid for Ukraine with 40 billion euros ($43 billion) next year, two Western European diplomats told Reuters on Wednesday. It comes a week before the military alliance's leader's scheduled meeting in Washington.

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg had asked allies to make a multi-year commitment to keep military aid for Kyiv at the same level as that since Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine in 2022, adding up to about 40 billion euros a year.

While the member states did not back Stoltenberg’s original request for such a multi-year pledge, the pact includes a provision to re-evaluate allied contributions at future NATO summits, according to a diplomat.

Allies also decided to have two reports over the next year to establish which country supplies what to Ukraine, the diplomat said, to meet demands for more transparency over the burden sharing in the alliance.

Member states “will aim to meet this pledge through proportionate contributions”, the agreement said.

The financial pledge is part of a broader Ukraine package that NATO leaders will agree when they gather for the Washington summit from July 9 to 11.

In June, allies decided that NATO would assume a greater role in co-ordinating arms supplies to Ukraine, taking over from the United States in a bid to safeguard the process as NATO-sceptic Donald Trump seeks a second term as U.S. president.

After Russia’s invasion in 2022, the United States gathered like-minded nations at the Ramstein air base in Germany, forming a group of nations that now numbers about 50, which meets regularly to match Kyiv’s arms requests with pledges of donors.

This so-called Ramstein group will continue to exist as a U.S.-led political forum but NATO will take over the military working level below that co-ordinates arms deliveries and training for Ukrainian troops.

The move is widely seen as a way to provide a degree of “Trump-proofing” by putting co-ordination under a NATO umbrella, giving the alliance a more direct role in the war against Russia, while stopping well short of committing its own forces.

But diplomats acknowledge such a move may have limited effect, as the United States is NATO’s dominant power and provides the majority of weaponry to Ukraine.

So if Washington wanted to slash Western aid to Kyiv, it would still be able to do so.

However, allies are still at odds in the run-up to the Washington summit over whether, and how, to strengthen NATO’s wording on Ukraine’s future membership in the alliance.

NATO’s official line is that Ukraine will join one day, but not while the country is at war. “Ukraine’s future is in NATO”, its leaders declared at last year’s Vilnius summit.

Some allies want this language to be strengthened, suggesting the summit declare that Ukraine’s path to membership is “irreversible”, according to diplomats.

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