Guidelines for Prompt Diagnosis of Coronavirus Infection
The following guidelines can help with prompt diagnosis of potential coronavirus infection.
If you have respiratory symptoms similar to the common cold, you may use this simple guide. The purpose is for us to see a doctor or go to hospital only when need be as there is no particular cure for the common cold and hospitals do nothing special to treat it. Moreover, the hospital environment is a contaminated one and may bring more contamination for us.
If you develop the chills and dry coughs, regardless of whether or not you have a sore throat, follow these instructions:
- In case of having chills and dry coughs without shortness of breath:
– You needn’t go to hospital. Rest at home and use supportive treatments such as painkillers, cough syrup or herbal tea.
- In case of having chills and dry coughs without shortness of breath, but with high fever:
– If you are among high-risk people*, see a doctor
– If you are not among high-risk people*, you needn’t go to hospital. Rest at home instead and used supportive treatments.
- In case of having chills and dry coughs with shortness of breath, i.e., you are unable to do your routine work due to shortness of breath:
– If so, see a doctor regardless of whether or not you have a fever.
* High-risk people:
– Does the patient have an innate immune defect?
– Has the patient been taking corticosteroids for a long time (more than two weeks non-stop) for illnesses such as rheumatism, etc.?
– Is the patient undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment?
– Is the patient going through the stages of organ transplant operation?
– Is the patient being treated for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)?
– Does the patient have cardio-vascular problems?
– Does the patient have high blood pressure?
– Does the patient have diabetes?
– Does the patient have chronic asthma and bronchitis?
– Does the patient suffer from obesity?
– Is the patient pregnant?
– Is the patient over 50 years of age?
– Has the patient been in close contact over the past few days or weeks with a respiratory patient who has tested positive for the coronavirus?
Adapted from the flowchart of instructions by the national committee tasked with diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 for both inpatient and outpatient treatments.