The growing popularity in these new technologies and the industrialization of everyday lives have both highlighted the need for energy storage systems with higher capacities, at lower weight and cost, so that electronic equipment can be used at any place and time.
Today, extensive research is underway to produce new compounds to replace expensive materials such as ruthenium oxide, which is a common supercapacitor material internationally.
The project manager, Ali Ehsani, said the research work seeks to build affordable ceramic nanoparticles, in order to produce polymer-ceramic nanocomposites in supercapacitors with better efficiency.
Ehsani explained the achievements of the project, noting that the synthesis of yttrium and aluminum garnet (YAG) powders nanoparticles by an electrochemical method. This creates an advanced, ecological ceramic material which can be used to make simple and cost-effective supercapacitors.
“High mechanical stability, high energy storage capacity, low weight and high flexibility are among the other benefits of supercapacitors produced with these nanoparticles in their design,” Ehsani added.
Given the energy crisis, Ehsani noted, the use of nanocomposites can be very important to expand the use of non-fossil and clean energy systems.
Nanocomposites are used in the production of supercapacitors, Ehsani stated, adding that these supercapacitors have high energy storage capacity, low cost and are simpler to manufacture.