Sistan and Baluchestan province in south-eastern Iran is where one of the world’s oldest cultures and civilizations has been formed and developed.
The province is the origin of the first advanced human civilisation and the centre of urban communities.
The 5,000-year-old Burnt City, the mythological heroic stories of Rostam in Ferdowsi’s Book of Kings (Shahnameh), the land of windmills, and the slaves’ gate all show the ancient culture and civilization of Sistan and Baluchestan.
The Khajeh Mountain is also a rocky and solid fortress belonging to the Parthian-Sassanid era.
Undoubtedly, the most important and fundamental contributions of the Baluch ethnic group to the province is their language.
Expert say Baluchs consider themselves Iranian. “Their language also belongs to the Persian language and belongs to the middle Pahlavi era. It is a unique language that has preserved itself as a treasure that is very useful for linguistic studies. The structural features and transformation of this language is very interesting,” says Dr Mahmoud Zand Moqaddam.
Native music and folk songs of the people of Sistan and Baluchestan have a special elegance, and are a complete diagram of the people’s evolution.
The local Baluch lyrics are often sung during auspicious occasions, which include Sorna, Dhol and Drum. The handicraft and garments of this region are also unique. The most important one is “needlework” or “Baluch Sewing” which is an identity for Baluch women.