Vakil Mosque in Iran’s southern city of Shiraz is a must-see site for both Iranian and non-Iranian visitors. Karim Khan, the founder of Zand dynasty in 18th century, built it as part of his grand development project in the heart of his capital city. The mosque is connected to Vakil Bazaar and almost attached to […]

Vakil Mosque in Iran’s southern city of Shiraz is a must-see site for both Iranian and non-Iranian visitors.

Karim Khan, the founder of Zand dynasty in 18th century, built it as part of his grand development project in the heart of his capital city. The mosque is connected to Vakil Bazaar and almost attached to Vakil Bathhouse with a lane in between. Before you enter the mosque, you can see one of the corridors getting you to the middle of the main passageway of Vakil Bazaar on the left-hand side. Therefore, there has been easy access from different directions for everyone to find their ways to the mosque.

The entire structure is extravagantly built with spacious sections in mind. There’s a vast courtyard with a relatively long pool in the middle of it. Around the courtyard, there are two eyvans (iwans) at the Northern and Southern sides in a symmetric way. On Eastern and Western sides, there are not any eyvans hence finalizing the structure as a twi-eyvan courtyard plan, according to Iran Destination website.

The vast courtyard is covered by stone slabs, which has recently undergone some reconstruction and new slabs have been installed. Such flooring is extended from all corners to the central pool and vise versa. As there’s no garden in the courtyard, this flat space has added to the greatness of the courtyard and allows the beauty of the tile façade of all sides shine and project their livelihood.

The decoration on the Shirazi “haft rangi” (seven-color) tiles of the entrance portal and these two eyvans are eye-catching and similar. Tree-of-life patterns are clearly occupying major parts of these sections giving a peaceful wave to the square feel of the façade tiles.

At the Southern Eyvan, there’s an entrance leading to a roofed columned hall (shabestan) with 48 monolithic pillars joining one another on top through vaulted brickworks. The pillar shafts are carved in a spiral way and decorated in form of acanthus leaves at their capitals. Color of the stone pillars and those of brick-formed ceiling match.

All ceiling decoration has been made by plain bricks except the one line coming from the southern eyvan directly toward the mihrab of the mosque. This part is an amazingly splendid corridor-like pathway set by its ceiling tile decoration embellished by Shirazi “haftrangi” (seven-color) tiles.

The builders of the mosque have made a minbar (preacher’s seat) out of a piece of green marble with a flight of 14 steps leading to the seat on top. This minbar is an exemplary work at Zand-period mosques.

It won’t easily happen to see several Zand monuments when you are traveling in Iran unless you visit Shiraz and pay a visit to such sights. Therefore, it is recommended to spend some quality time in these buildings and quench your thirst for the taste of Zand architects and their masterpieces. Also, Shirazi artists have their own lively touch no matter which period they have been living in. That’s why I think you won’t regret spending more time at this beautiful city.

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La Mezquita Vakil situada en la ciudad de Shiraz, provincia de Fars, es un hermoso centro religioso,  construido a mediados del siglo XVIII por Karimyan Zand, el fundador de la dinastía Zand.Las puertas de entrada, así como el interior de la mezquita están decoradas con azulejos de color en hermosos diseños florales.

La mezquita tiene una superficie de 8.660 metros cuadrados y cuenta con dos salas y dos puertas de entrada. Cada puerta es de tres metros de ancho y ocho metros de alto con decoraciones florales.

La sala principal conocida como Shabestan (Sala de oración de noche) consta de 48 pilares de piedras idénticas,  cada una de los cuales está tallada con forma de espiral de una sola piedra. Debido a un gran número de pilares, la sala que mide 2.700 metros cuadrados.  La llaman a menudo el Bosque de Piedra.

Shiraz se encuentra en el suroeste de Irán, a orillas del río Khoshk. Shiraz tiene un clima moderado y ha sido un centro de comercio regional durante más de 1.000 años. La primera referencia a la ciudad, conocida como Tirazis, se encuentra en tabletas de arcilla elamitas,  que datan de 2000 años antes de Cristo.

En el siglo XII,  Shiraz se convirtió en un importante centro de las artes y las letras, gracias a su gobernante y la presencia de muchos eruditos y artistas persas. Shiraz fue la capital de Persia durante la dinastía Zand desde 1750 hasta 1781, así como por tiempo breve durante el gobierno safárida.

Shiraz es conocida como la ciudad de los poetas, la literatura y las flores. También es considerada por muchos iraníes  como la ciudad de  los jardines, debido al gran número de ellos donde crecen árboles frutales.

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